Plastic surgery, a name that comes “from the Greek” plastikos, “which means to model or shape, refers to the medical specialty that is dedicated to restoring or modifying the shape of the human body
Plastic surgery includes both reconstructive surgery and plastic surgery. Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal body structures caused by birth defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors, or disease. Plastic surgery is performed to restore shape or reshape body structures to improve their appearance.
History shows that the practice of plastic surgery has ancient roots; however, plastic surgery, as a defined specialty, was not fully recognized until the First World War. Today, scientific advances in this specialty allow plastic surgeons to achieve improvements in shape and function that seemed impossible just ten years ago. It is important at this point to make it explicit that for the exercise of this surgical specialty, a high degree of academic quality is required to obtain the title of specialist in plastic surgery, therefore, it is an obligation of professional groups to claim the place they deserve this area of medical knowledge. Affirm a practice focused on the best interest of the patients, of the best possible technical quality, and the greatest ethical correction.
Like any surgical procedure, it is worked clearly in the award, being a medical action that has both its complications and its risks. For this reason, in any treatment that is to be carried out, there must be a prior interview where the patient can be given an outline and their objective, making shared and agreed decisions in all areas, truthfulness as an intangible value, must be permanently present. It is within this framework of reflection, where we make some scopes of ethical aspects relevant to the practice of our specialty.
Today’s society must learn to educate the gaze so that it does not focus only on that which is external and epidermal, the body, but on everything that gives identity and meaning to a person’s life. That is why, in surgery, the framework of ethics establishes that it is a good act if it achieves the intended purpose. To qualify as good, it is necessary to define precisely the purpose, which ultimately is not to remove, repair, or replace a diseased organ, but to improve the quality of life of the patient.